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Zip Files in Linux: Create, Add, Extract, List Commands

Zip Files in Linux: Create, Add, Extract, List Commands

The Linux Zip package is a command-line utility that allows users to compress and decompress files in the ZIP format. It is a popular tool used for creating, managing, and extracting ZIP archives in Linux systems.

What is Zip?

ZIP is a file format used for data compression and archiving. It is widely supported and can be used to compress multiple files and directories into a single archive file. ZIP files are commonly used for file distribution, backup, and storage purposes.

Features and Benefits

The Linux Zip package provides several features and benefits:

  • Compression: It allows users to compress files and directories to reduce their size and save disk space.
  • Archiving: It enables users to create archives of multiple files and directories for easy storage and distribution.
  • Encryption: It supports password-based encryption to protect sensitive data in ZIP archives.
  • File Integrity: It includes checksums to ensure the integrity of compressed files.
  • File Compression Levels: It provides different compression levels to balance between file size and compression speed.
  • File Exclusion: It allows users to exclude specific files or directories from the compression process.

Supported Operating Systems

The Linux Zip package is available for various Linux distributions, including:

  • Ubuntu
  • Debian
  • CentOS
  • Fedora
  • Arch Linux

To install the Linux Zip package on these supported operating systems, you can use the package manager specific to each distribution. Our Linux VPS have zip package preinstalled and ready to use.

Installation Guide

Here is a step-by-step guide on how to install the Linux Zip package on supported operating systems:


sudo apt-get install zip


sudo yum install zip

Arch Linux

sudo pacman -S zip

Basic Usage

The Linux Zip package provides several commands for creating, managing, and extracting ZIP archives. Here are some commonly used commands:

Create a ZIP Archive

zip file1.txt file2.txt directory/

This command creates a new ZIP archive named “” and adds “file1.txt”, “file2.txt”, and the “directory” directory to the archive.

Add Files to an Existing Archive

zip -r file3.txt

This command adds “file3.txt” to the existing “” archive.

Extract Files from an Archive


This command extracts all files from the “” archive.

List Files in an Archive

unzip -l

This command lists all files and directories contained in the “” archive.

Similar Packages

There are several other packages available in Linux that provide similar functionality to the Linux Zip package. Some of these packages include:

  • Tar: Tar is a utility used for creating and manipulating tape archives. It can also compress files using other compression algorithms like gzip and bzip2.
  • 7-Zip: 7-Zip is a popular open-source file archiver that supports various compression formats, including ZIP.
  • RAR: RAR is a proprietary file archiver that supports compression, archiving, and encryption.

Automation Scripts

Here are three example scripts that demonstrate the usage of the Linux Zip package in automation:

Script 1: Compress Directory


This script compresses the specified directory into a ZIP archive.

Script 2: Extract Archive


This script extracts the specified ZIP archive into the specified output directory.

Script 3: Add Files to Archive

FILES=("file1.txt" "file2.txt")
for file in "${FILES[@]}"
zip -u $ARCHIVE $file

This script adds multiple files to an existing ZIP archive.

List of Commands and Constants

Command/Constant Description
zip Compress files and directories into a ZIP archive
unzip Extract files from a ZIP archive
-r Recursively add files and directories to an archive
-l List files and directories in an archive


The Linux Zip package is a powerful command-line utility that allows users to compress, manage, and extract ZIP archives in Linux systems. It provides a wide range of features and benefits, including compression, archiving, encryption, and file integrity. The package is widely used by developers, system administrators, and users who need to compress and distribute files in the ZIP format. It is an essential tool for file management and storage in the Linux ecosystem.

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