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lvcreate: command in Linux

lvcreate: command in Linux

The lvcreate command in Linux is used to create a new logical volume in the LVM (Logical Volume Manager) system. It allows you to allocate space from a volume group and create a logical volume that can be used for various purposes, such as creating file systems, mounting partitions, or storing data.

Syntax:

lvcreate [options] VG/LV

Where:

  • options are the various options available for the lvcreate command.
  • VG is the name of the volume group from which space will be allocated.
  • LV is the name of the logical volume to be created.

Examples:

1. Create a logical volume with default size:

lvcreate -n mylv myvg

This command creates a logical volume named “mylv” in the volume group “myvg” with the default size, which is the maximum available space in the volume group.

2. Create a logical volume with a specific size:

lvcreate -L 1G -n mylv myvg

This command creates a logical volume named “mylv” in the volume group “myvg” with a size of 1GB.

3. Create a logical volume with a specific size and extents:

lvcreate -l 100 -n mylv myvg

This command creates a logical volume named “mylv” in the volume group “myvg” with a size of 100 extents. Extents are the basic unit of allocation in LVM.

4. Create a striped logical volume:

lvcreate -i 2 -I 64 -n mylv myvg

This command creates a striped logical volume named “mylv” in the volume group “myvg” with a stripe count of 2 and a stripe size of 64KB. Striping distributes data across multiple physical volumes for improved performance.

Similar Commands:

Some similar commands to lvcreate are:

  • lvextend: Used to extend the size of a logical volume.
  • lvreduce: Used to reduce the size of a logical volume.
  • lvremove: Used to remove a logical volume.

Use Cases:

The lvcreate command is commonly used for the following purposes:

  • Creating logical volumes for file systems.
  • Creating logical volumes for database storage.
  • Creating logical volumes for virtual machine storage.
  • Creating logical volumes for backup storage.

Ideas for Automation:

Here are some ideas for automating the lvcreate command:

  • Write a script to prompt the user for the required inputs (volume group name, logical volume name, size, etc.) and automatically run the lvcreate command with the provided inputs.
  • Create a configuration file that contains the required inputs for the lvcreate command, and write a script to read the configuration file and run the lvcreate command with the provided inputs.
  • Integrate the lvcreate command into a larger automation framework or tool, such as Ansible or Puppet, to automatically create logical volumes as part of a larger infrastructure provisioning process.

Table of Useful Data:

Option Description
-L, –size Specify the size of the logical volume.
-l, –extents Specify the number of extents for the logical volume.
-n, –name Specify the name of the logical volume.
-i, –stripes Specify the number of stripes for a striped logical volume.
-I, –stripesize Specify the stripe size for a striped logical volume.

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