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Intel 13th Gen Raptor Lake CPUs: No Server Versions. Comparation with AMD

Intel 13th Gen Raptor Lake CPUs: No Server Versions. Comparation with AMD

Intel has always been at the forefront of technological advancements in the microprocessor world, and the 13th Gen Raptor Lake CPUs are the epitome of this progress. These CPUs promise top-tier performance, advanced AI capabilities, and high memory speeds, among other things.

Raptor Lake is Intel’s codename for the 13th-generation of Intel Core processors based on a hybrid architecture, utilizing Raptor Cove performance cores and Gracemont efficient cores. Raptor Lake launched on October 20, 2022. Mobile versions are expected to be released by the end of the year. Like Alder Lake, Raptor Lake is fabricated using Intel’s Intel 7 process. At Intel’s Investor Meeting 2022, it was confirmed that Raptor Lake would feature up to 24 cores (8 performance cores plus 16 efficient cores) and 32 threads and is socket compatible with Alder Lake systems (LGA 1700).

The company spokesman revealed that Raptor Lake was created to benefit from process improvements before Meteor Lake arrives since the next microarchitecture was likely to be delayed.

On January 3, 2023 at CES 2023, Intel announced new desktop Raptor Lake CPUs and mobile CPUs, including a new line-up called N-Series processors which include only energy efficient cores. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raptor_Lake)

Raptor Lake competes with the AMD Ryzen 7000 series that was launched about one month earlier on September 27, 2022.

Design and Architecture

The Raptor Lake CPUs are speculated to continue the hybrid architecture introduced with Alder Lake, featuring both Performance-cores (P-cores) and Efficient-cores (E-cores). This design aims to provide a balance between high performance and energy efficiency. Given Intel’s previous generation CPUs, one can expect an increased number of cores, potentially enhancing the processing power of these chips.

Built on the same foundational architecture as its predecessor, Alder Lake, the Raptor Lake CPUs use Intel’s refined 7nm process node, demonstrating an evolution in terms of design and performance. This approach marks the continuation of the hybrid architecture combining Performance-cores (P-cores) and Efficient-cores (E-cores). However, what sets the Raptor Lake apart is its enhanced P-core count, aiming to boost single-threaded and multi-threaded performance for intensive workloads.

Server Variant

As for server variants, Intel usually releases Xeon processors specifically designed for server applications, parallel processing, and enterprise use. A server-specific variant will NOT exist within the Raptor Lake lineup.

Frequency, Cores Amount

The CPU Frequency depends on its model, below you can check the Model list and compare them. Lower Frequency means more efficient operations.

  • Up to 8 Raptor Cove performance cores (P-core)
  • Up to 16 Gracemont efficient cores (E-core)

Memory

Raptor Lake CPUs are expected to natively support DDR5 memory, which could significantly enhance memory speed and overall system performance. This new generation of RAM promises double the speed of DDR4, while also reducing power consumption. However, to ensure compatibility with older systems, these CPUs are likely to maintain DDR4 support.

AI

On the AI front, Raptor Lake CPUs will probably have enhanced AI capabilities compared to the Alder Lake chips. AI advancements could improve various features, such as noise suppression, video upscaling, and more. However, specifics on the AI capabilities of the Raptor Lake CPUs weren’t available at the time of my last update.

Socket

Intel continue using the LGA 1700 socket introduced with Alder Lake.

Model List and Prices

Processor
branding
Model Cores
(threads)
Clock rate (GHz) GPU Smart
Cache
Power Release
date
Price
(USD)
Base Turbo Boost Model Max.
clock rate
(GHz)
2.0 3.0 TVB
P E P E P E P P Base Turbo
Core i9 13900KS 8 (16) 16 (16) 3.2 2.4 5.4 4.3 5.8 6.0 UHD 770 1.65 36 MB 150 W 253 W January 12, 2023 $699
13900K 3.0 2.0 5.7 5.8 125 W October 20, 2022 $589
13900KF $564
13900 2.0 1.5 5.2 4.2 5.5 5.6 UHD 770 1.65 65 W 219 W January 3, 2023 $549
13900F $524
13900T 1.1 0.8 5.1 3.9 5.3 UHD 770 1.65 35 W 106 W $549
Core i7 13790F 8 (8) 2.1 1.5 5.1 4.1 5.2 33 MB 65 W 219 W February 2023 China
exclusive
13700K 3.4 2.5 5.4 4.2 5.4 UHD 770 1.6 30 MB 125 W 253 W October 20, 2022 $409
13700KF $384
13700 2.1 1.5 5.1 4.1 5.2 UHD 770 1.6 65 W 219 W January 3, 2023
13700F $359
13700T 1.4 1.0 4.8 3.6 4.9 UHD 770 1.6 35 W 106 W $384
Core i5 13600K 6 (12) 3.5 2.6 5.1 3.9 1.5 24 MB 125 W 181 W October 20, 2022 $319
13600KF $294
13600 2.7 2.0 5.0 3.7 UHD 770 1.55 65 W 154 W January 3, 2023 $255
13600T 1.8 1.3 4.8 3.4 35 W 92 W
13500 2.5 1.8 3.5 65 W 154 W $232
13500T 1.6 1.2 4.6 3.2 35 W 92 W
13490F 4 (4) 2.5 1.8 4.8 3.5 65 W 148 W February 2023 China
exclusive
13400 2.5 1.8 4.6 3.3 UHD 730 1.55 20 MB 65 W 154 W January 3, 2023 $221
13400F 65 W 148 W $196
13400T 1.3 1.0 4.4 3.0 UHD 730 1.55 35 W 82 W $221
Core i3 13100 4 (8) 3.4 4.5 1.5 12 MB 60 W 89 W $134
13100F 58 W $109
13100T 2.5 4.2 UHD 730 1.5 35 W 69 W $134

 

Architecture and Process Node: Intel Raptor Lake vs AMD EPYC

Intel’s 13th Gen Raptor Lake CPUs continue the hybrid architecture trend set by the 12th Gen Alder Lake chips, combining high-performance P-cores with energy-efficient E-cores. Built using Intel’s refined 7nm process node, the Raptor Lake CPUs boast an increased number of P-cores, aiming for improved performance in single and multi-threaded tasks.

On the other hand, AMD’s EPYC processors feature a multi-chip module (MCM) design using the Zen 3 architecture. The processors are built on a 7nm process node and feature up to 64 cores in certain models, targeting high-performance computing (HPC) and server tasks.

Performance: Intel Raptor Lake vs AMD EPYC

In terms of performance, the two processors are targeted at different segments. The Raptor Lake CPUs are engineered for high-end consumer applications, including gaming and content creation, and their high P-core count enables them to deliver exceptional performance in these areas. However, their ability to handle server-side and enterprise tasks has not yet been extensively evaluated.

On the contrary, AMD’s EPYC processors are tailored for server and HPC applications. With their high core and thread count, EPYC CPUs handle multi-threaded, parallel processing tasks exceptionally well. These tasks often include large-scale scientific simulations, machine learning workloads, and data center applications. EPYC processors, however, may not perform as efficiently in tasks that rely on high single-threaded performance, such as gaming.

Memory and I/O: Intel Raptor Lake vs AMD EPYC

The Raptor Lake CPUs offer support for DDR5 memory and maintain backward compatibility with DDR4. They also continue to provide support for PCIe 5.0, offering increased bandwidth for high-speed components.

The AMD EPYC lineup, on the other hand, supports up to 8-channel DDR4 memory and offers a massive number of PCIe 4.0 lanes. This abundance of memory channels and I/O lanes makes the EPYC series ideal for server environments, where such resources are often in high demand.

Performance

The performance improvement will likely come from a combination of increased core counts, enhanced AI capabilities, and support for faster DDR5 memory.

Conclusion

The Intel 13th Gen Raptor Lake CPUs are anticipated to bring an array of improvements, with advanced AI, faster memory support, and potential enhancements in core count and frequency. While specifics regarding models, prices, and exact performance metrics were not available at my training cut-off in September 2021, these chips are expected to represent a significant leap forward in the processor technology landscape. As always, it’s crucial to consult up-to-date sources to get the most current information about these exciting new processors.


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