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How to Install Tor on Ubuntu

How to Install Tor on Ubuntu

If you are concerned about your online privacy and want to browse the internet anonymously, Tor is an excellent tool to achieve that. Tor is a free and open-source software that allows you to browse the web anonymously by routing your internet traffic through a network of volunteer-operated servers.

In this guide, we will walk you through the installation process of Tor on Ubuntu, one of the most popular Linux distributions.

Step 1: Update System

Before installing any new software, it is always a good practice to update your system. Open a terminal and run the following command to update the package lists and upgrade the existing packages:

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

Step 2: Add Tor Repository

By adding the Tor repository, you can easily install and update Tor using the package manager. Run the following command to add the Tor repository:

sudo add-apt-repository universe

Step 3: Import Tor GPG Key

To ensure the authenticity of the Tor software, you need to import the Tor GPG key. Run the following command to import the key:

sudo apt-key --keyring /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/tor.gpg adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com A3C4F0F979CAA22CDBA8F512EE8CBC9E886DDD89

Step 4: Update Package Lists

After adding the Tor repository and importing the GPG key, update the package lists again by running the following command:

sudo apt update

Step 5: Install Tor

Now, you can install Tor by running the following command:

sudo apt install tor

Step 6: Start and Enable Tor

Once the installation is complete, start the Tor service and enable it to start on boot by running the following commands:

sudo systemctl start tor
sudo systemctl enable tor

Step 7: Verify Tor Installation

To verify that Tor is installed and running correctly, run the following command:

sudo systemctl status tor

If Tor is running, you will see a message indicating that the service is active and running.

Step 8: Configure Tor Browser

To browse the internet using Tor, you can use the Tor Browser. Download the Tor Browser from the official Tor Project website and follow the installation instructions provided.

Useful Commands and Tips

Here are some additional commands and tips to help you with Tor on Ubuntu:

Check Tor Version

To check the installed version of Tor, run the following command:

tor --version

Restart Tor Service

If you need to restart the Tor service for any reason, use the following command:

sudo systemctl restart tor

Stop Tor Service

To stop the Tor service, use the following command:

sudo systemctl stop tor

Remove Tor

If you decide to remove Tor from your system, run the following command:

sudo apt remove tor

Tor Project Information

Here is some useful information about the Tor Project:

Website https://www.torproject.org
Tor Browser Download https://www.torproject.org/download/
Tor Project Documentation https://www.torproject.org/docs/
Tor Project Wiki https://trac.torproject.org/

With Tor installed on your Ubuntu system, you can now enjoy anonymous browsing and enhanced online privacy. Remember to always use Tor responsibly and respect the privacy of others.


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